What Is Health-Related Fitness?

Posted on 07 Feb 2018 22:40

This article is part of a series. See part one: You Cannot Be Generally Advanced - Advanced Fitness is Specific.

Two General Types of Fitness?

We can loosely identify two different broad fitness goals: Health-related fitness and skill-related fitness.

Health-related fitness encompasses physical fitness. This is the ability to meet the demands of daily living — to perform the tasks related to it, plus deal with the unexpected, within reasonable levels.

The expectation of physical fitness is not that you will be hyper-fit, then. It is that you can meet the demands of life without undue fatigue. Think of it like gas in your car — you have enough gas to get you back and forth to work every day, plus a "healthy" reserve for unexpected or irregular trips. With physical fitness, comes certain expected health benefits, especially lower risk of cardiovascular disease, but also other very important benefits, including psychological ones. By this definition, physical fitness does not equal health, but greater health comes with greater physical fitness.

If you try to counter this, you'd have to abandon the definition and come up with an alternative that adequately explains how fitness could be viewed as health. After all, a person who can maintain the activities of daily living is "fit" for these activities. This person may also receive a clean bill of health. If you say that greater health equals greater fitness, you have left behind our definition of fitness, and perhaps, put the fitness industry out of business. However, we can say that health-related fitness is fitness that helps us be free of diseases related to a sedentary lifestyle.

Since exercise is specific, different types of exercise can have specific health benefits. For instance, resistance exercise combats sarcopenia in older adults.

Next, see What is Skill-Related or Athletic Fitness?

This page created 07 Feb 2018 22:40
Last updated 07 Feb 2018 23:00

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