Musculoskeletal Injury and Pain: Prevention and Treatment


From FitNitChick: Overview of Muscle Fatigue Versus DOMS Versus Strain

A trainer named Tamara Grand has a blog called fitnitchick and today I commented on her nice overview of muscle fatigue versus muscle soreness (DOMs) versus muscle strain. A lot of people new to strength training or resistance training might have a hard time knowing what kind of discomfort is "good" and what means they have gone too far or even hurt themselves. In fact, I know many people have this question because I've been asked many times.

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Jogger's or Runner's Nipples

Jogger's nipples or runner's nipples is a condition caused by the constant friction between a runner's nipples and shirt, which causes chafing of the nipples and areola. Jogger's nipples is probably the term most often used, since the condition is more prevalent in long distance runners. It is also called fissure of the nipple. It is similar to the nipple irritation sometimes experienced by breastfeeding mothers. Surfers who do not wear rash guards may also have this problem. It is more of a problem during hot, humid days and can also happen to bike riders.

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Acromioclavicular Joint (AC Joint) Overview and Injuries

The abbreviation AC or AC joint stands for the acromioclavicular joint. The acromioclavicular is one of the three articulations of the shoulder girdle. See the shoulder complex for a general overview of the shoulder girdle and its joints.

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Painful, Swollen, Tight Shins During Exercise

This explanation takes the form of a video. The text of this article is the exact transcript from the video and is an explanation of acute and exertional compartment syndromes for athletes and exercisers. These are easily mistaken for shin splints but are much more severe conditions. Compartment syndromes can result in severe irreversible nerve damage, cell death, and even loss of the lower limb. If you have any of the symptoms outlined in this video, consult a doctor immediately. For those in need of more in-depth medical information on compartment syndromes and other musculoskeletal conditions, I would recommend Essentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation by Frontera and Silver



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Black Heel and Black Palm (Talon Noir and Tâche Noir)

Black heel, also called talon noir or calcaneal petechiae is the appearance of painless bluish-black dots on the heels of the feet that are caused by mechanical trauma. This also may occur on the palms, and when this happens it is called black palm or tâche noir.1

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Is the Hamstring to Quadriceps Strength Ratio Really Important?

Many strength trainees, bodybuilders, and exercisers are told that there should be a certain ratio between the strength of their hamstring and quadriceps muscles. Called the H/Q ratio and reported to be anywhere from .50 to .75 with a normative value of .60, the strength ratio of this important agonist/antagonist pairing is considered essential to the stability of the knee joint and to prevent ACL and other injuries. It is also sometimes thought to be predictive of those at risk for hamstring strain.

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Acute

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Do Athletic Supporters Really Do Anything?

Quick forum thread discussion on whether the male athletic supporter serves any real purpose.

Topics Covered

  • What was the original purpose of the athletic support?
  • Can an athletic supporter protect you from an inguinal hernia
  • Do you need a firm undergarment to protect you from a hernia?
  • The athletic supporter and the 'cup' to protect the genitalia

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Avulsion

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Turf Toe Taping: How to Tape and Protect a Sprained Big Toe

Turf toe, which is actually a sprain of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP), is one of the most common athletic foot injuries. You may not realize how important your big toe is until you sprain it. This seemingly little sprain is a big problem and it can take you out of the game for three or more weeks. If you expect it to heel quickly you have to be able to protect the toe from the constant aggravation of walking.

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Plica Syndrome Of The Knee: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Plica syndrome is a post-traumatic or post-inflammatory thickening, chronic inflammation (synovitis), and/or fibrosis of the synovial plicae of the knee. This means that the plica (PLI-kah) have been irritated by overuse or injury to the knee. Most commonly affecting the medial plica, the symptoms mimic those of other other knee problems, such as a torn meniscus, causing patella pain, snapping, clicking, and tenderness of the joint. There may be a sense of instability in the knee and a knee-locking sensation. Bibliography item klippel not found.,Bibliography item wheeles not found.

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Symptoms of Sports Hernia and Athletic Pubalgia

What is a Sports Hernia?

A sports hernia also known as athletic pubalgia, Gilmore's groin, and slap shot gut, is an uncommon, but often missed cause of groin pain in high level athletes. It is poorly understood and poorly defined in the medical community. It is also very difficult to identify based on history and physical exam of an athlete with groin pain. The name sports hernia is a misnomer as well because there is no discernable hernia (or protrusion of abdominal cavity contents) present in this condition.

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Common Function and Disfunction Of The Knee

The knee joint is one of the major weight bearing joints, it has to cope with walking, running, bending, jumping and lifting objects. It also works in conjunction with the hip & ankle joints, assisting in static erect posture (standing). So not only does the knee joint need to offer stability & weight support, but it must also offer considerable mobility. It is no surprise then that it is one of the most commonly injured joints in the human body.

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What is Bursitis? Its Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

Bursitis involves inflammation or irritation of the bursa of a joint. The word bursitis comes from the word bursa and "itis" which means inflammation.

A bursa is a small, synovial fluid containing sac surrounded by a membrane. These sacs act as cushions for the joints. Located in areas that are subject to friction, as when a muscle or tendon is pulling around a corner or over a bone, their purpose is to cushion and lubricate the tissues.Bibliography item acr not found.,Bibliography item jhwhite not found.

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Iliotibial Band Syndrome

Although sometimes associated with the elderly, iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS or ITBFS, for iliotibial band friction syndrome) commonly affects the thighs and knees of runners, cyclists, hikers, and weight lifters. Squats, in particular, may cause this often acutely painful injury, providing a good case for proper form and adequate warm-ups and cool-downs.

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How to Treat Minor Burns: Basic First Aid

There are three types of burns, categorized by the degree of injury to the body's tissues. First-degree burns are burns that result in injury to the outside layer of skin only. These types of burns are commonly caused by very brief contact with hot surfaces, such as cooking pans, hot water, steam, and mild sunburn. No blistering occurs. These burns are minor and should heal within a week

First-Degree Burn Symptoms

  • Redness
  • Mild Swelling
  • Pain
  • Skin is unbroken (no blisters)

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Trigger Point Therapy

Many of the people that come to Massage Therapists and Bodyworkers are seeking someone to help them with muscular pain and chronic tension from Myofascial Trigger Points. They've heard that Trigger Point Therapy is a great way to naturally relieve their pain and restore function.

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Retinal Detachment: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

The retina is the transparent light sensitive membrane which lines the back of the eye. When light strikes this membrane messages are sent to the brain through the optic nerve. When the retina becomes separated from it's underlying supportive tissue this is termed "retinal detachment" or a detached retina. This condition, which causes visual disturbances, was known as early as the 1700's when a pathological examination of an eye was reported by de Saint-Yves. Almost a century later the the first clinical description appeared and after that, with the invention of the opthalmoscope in 1851 retinal detachments were increasingly observed.

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Amplitude Of Movement, Law of Repetitive Motion, and Plyometrics

You may have heard trainers and coaches talk about movement amplitude. I often talk about amplitude as being one of those performance characteristics that determine the outcome of a training regimen and one of the factors indicating reductions or improvement in performance.

Amplitude is also part of the "law of repetitive motion" equation developed by Dr. Michael P. Leahy, who is the founder of Active Release Techniques (ART). This "law" is an equation describing the interaction between various parameters of human motion: I=NF/AR where:

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Biomechanics, Injury Prevention, and Performance: Training to Fail Pt. 6

The last post about the concept of optimal strength training was more philosophical than practical. Even so, many practical ideas are derived from an underlying philosophy concerning training. Nevertheless, I promised to get more technical and “sciency” in the next post so this one is about science itself being applied to strength training.

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Recreational Weight Training Makes You More Prone To Shoulder Injury?

I noticed a post about a study at Male Pattern Fitness1 that I would like to have reacted to but for some reason the comments are always closed kinda quickly at this blog so I wanted to comment on it here. I feel it may be a bit misleading.

Yes, I agree completely that most people train in a way that predisposes them to imbalances and injury. Such as the internal rotator dominance that was brought up in the post.

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What is Rolfing?

Rolfing, otherwise known as Structural Integration, is named after Dr. Ida P. Rolf. Structural Integration is the outcome of her work from the 1920's all the way up to her death in 1979 although most sources say it was "created" in the 1960's.

This method of manipulation, instead of focusing on the muscles, is aimed at the fascia, which is the protective layer of connective tissue which surrounds the muscles, bones, and organs.

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Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome

Tell any long-distance runner or cyclist about your stinging pain at the side of the knee or hip, and you will get a knowing sympathetic look. ITB (Iliotibial band) friction syndrome is one of the commonest complaints amongst runners, cyclists and intense court sports.

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Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

Nerves and blood vessels travel from the neck to the upper limb through a series of three tunnels, known collectively as the thoracic outlet. (Picture 1)

The nerves and blood vessels pass through three triangular channels which make up the thoracic outlet: (A) the triangular space between the scalene muscles; (B) the costoclavicular space; and (C) a space beneath the pectoralis minor muscle.

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Plantar Fasciitis

The plantar fascia provides support when the foot rises up on the toes during walking, running, or climbing. It supports the long arch of the foot. Plantar fasciitis is caused by strain of the plantar fascia. The injured tissue causes pain at the bottom of the foot when starting to walk or when standing still for a long period of time. It is one of the most common causes of foot pain in adults [1,2].Jumping, running, or prolonged standing often causes strain on the plantar fascia. The outcome is generally good, with approximately 80 percent of people having no pain within one year. Flat feet can be a predisposing cause for plantar fasciitis as can a high arched foot (pes cavus) [2].

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Sciatica: Causes, Diagnosis, And Treatment

Sciatica is a buttock pain radiating down the back of the thigh and leg and possibly into the calf or foot. Other characteristics of sciatica include varying degrees of weakness in the leg muscles and numbness and/or tingling that radiates down the leg. These symptoms occur because of compression and/or irritation of the sciatic nerve or nerve roots which are forming the sciatic nerve. The areas in the buttock and leg affected by this compression are the areas that the sciatic nerve supplies with messages for normal function. There are many other names for sciatica including lumbosacral radicular syndrome, radiating low back pain, nerve root pain, and nerve root entrapment.

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Shoulder Injury Prevention 2

In the first part of shoulder injury prevention, I wrote about certain stretches and mobilizations necessary for the shoulder girdle to function properly and get the appropriate scapulo-glenohumeral rhythm. This means that we need to get the humerus to function properly in the glenohumeral joint to help the scapulae glide efficiently and not tilt anteriorly (up and forward).



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Shoulder Injury Prevention - Pec Minor Tightness and Stretching Video

Pectoralis minor tightness can be associated with pain between the shoulder blades which causes the rhomboids to be in a constant overworked/stretched position.

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First Aid For Musculoskeletal Injuries

The first part will focus on the soft tissue injuries that a bodybuilder or strength athlete may incur and the important first steps one should take to ensure a speedy recovery. It will not go into specific exercise and sports injuries and is not meant as a comprehensive guide or a replacement for professional medical advice.

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  • Musculoskeletal Conditions
Thoracic Outlet SyndromePlantar Fasciitis


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