Abrasion: A superficial wound to the epidermis only, which does not tend to bleed, although some abrasions may extend into the dermis and more severe abrasions may cause a layer of skin to be torn off. The word abrasion comes from the Latin word abradere, meaning to scrape away. Such wounds are caused by glancing contact with rough surfaces. They may be more painful than cuts owing to the fact that many more nerve endings are exposed.
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Many people have trouble exercising in cold weather. If exercising in the freezing cold causes you to have coughing fits and a sore throat, you're not alone. Many of us have the same problem. It is estimated that anywhere from 4 to 20% of people have this complaint. The actual cause has not always been agreed upon, but for many years, the prevailing theory was that this was caused by exercise-induced bronchioconstriction (EIB) which is a narrowing of the airways much like an asthma attack, but in this case brought on by cold air. EIB is, of course, common in people with asthma and is sometimes also called exercise-induced asthma. However, many of the sufferers of EIB have no history of asthma. EIB is actually more common in children and young adults, however, although it is hard to say why. The higher incidence of EIB in the young may simply relate to their higher levels of physical activity. Symptoms include wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and hypoxia. Sometimes, however, the only symptom is a cough and a sore throat, as the title suggests.
Continue Reading » Does Exercising in Cold Weather Make You Cough and Give You a Sore Throat?
You are probably aware of many of these myths about the eyes and the sense of sight. Many of us grew up with them. These myths have been passed from one generation to the next and despite ever-increasing access to accurate information, many of them still persist.
Continue Reading » Ten Common Myths about Eyes and Eye Health
Many people take vitamin and mineral supplements, not because they have a poor diet, but as added insurance against a lack of certain nutrients. This is probably not needed at all but the attitude is better safe than sorry and a little extra won't hurt. The fact is, extra will not likely do anything but cost you money. Still, many people have more specific reasons for taking supplements, usually because of ideas they have derived from nutrition misinformation. This article explores some of these reasons.
Continue Reading » Mistaken Reasons that People Take Vitamin and Mineral Supplements
Pica is the craving and eating of nonfood items. It can develop in any person but seems to be most often experienced by African American women (data is limited) in the pregnancy and postpartum period. In the southern United States, 16 to 57 percent of pregnant African-American women admit to pica. It is also generally more common in persons with severe impairments and mental retardation, although no connection whatsoever between the latter and the former should be assumed, and the underlying causes are probably different.
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Oxytocin: A hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland which targets the smooth muscle of the uterus and mammary glands, stimulating uterine contractions amd the letdown of milk.
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Xanthine oxidase is an enzyme in milk, found in the milk fat globules. It is a specific oxido-reductase involved in purine catabolism, catalyzing the oxidation of hypoxanthine to xanthine and of xanthine to uric acid Bibliography item fark not found.,Bibliography item harrison not found. It's antimicrobial role is due to its ability to help generate reactive oxygen species which are highly bactericidal or bacteriostatic. It may also be that its antimicrobial effect is derived from the formed hydrogen peroxide that participate in the lactoperoxidase system.Bibliography item harrison not found.
Continue Reading » Xanthine Oxidase in Homogenized Milk and Cardiovascular Damage
The plurals of medical, anatomical, and other scientific terms, having derived from Greek or Latin roots, do not follow the usual familiar rules of English.
The difference between diagnosis and diagnoses, for instance, isn't readily apparent to most people, although adding -es to the end of the word is often a way to make it plural, as we do for English words ending in z, s, x, ch, or sh. But this does not tell us what to do with scientific words like diagnosis. And there is no such word as "diagnosises." So what gives? There are some basic rules to remember to help you distinguish the singular and plural forms of medical terms. This page will run through some of these rules and list examples of each. Each rule is based on the singular form of "words ending in" a particular combination of letters.
Keep in mind, as you are using these guidelines, that they represent what is usually the rule. As with any grammar rules, they do not hold true in all instances.
Continue Reading » Some Useful Singular and Plural Forms of Medical and Anatomical Terms
The Babinski reflex or Babinski sign is pathalogical (altered or abnormal) reflex of the lower limb which indicates damage to the corticospinal tracts of the spinal cord. These pathways are also called the pyramidal tracts after the pyramid-shaped parts of the medulla oblongata through which they pass. To elicit the Babinski reflex, an examiner forcefully strokes the edge of the bottom of a patient's foot (lateral plantar surface or sole) with a moderately sharp object from the heel to the toes. The Babinski reflex is named after its discoverer, Joseph Babinski, who described it in 1896.
Continue Reading » What Is the Babinski Reflex?
A muscle can change it's functional resting length to adapt to the length at which the muscle is habitually used or positioned. Adaptive Shortening is muscle tightness resulting from a muscle being forced to remain in a shortened position for a prolonged period of time, being unable to lengthen due to the relaxation of the antagonist group. An example of this type of shortening is the shortening of the iliopsoas (one-joint hip flexors) in individuals who are confined to a wheelchair or who must spend most of their day sitting. Another example is the wearing of high-heeled shoes, which can cause adaptive shortening of the soleus since the foot must remain in plantar flexion. Apaptive shortening of muscles causes postural distortions which result in further imbalance between opposing pairs of muscle.
Continue Reading » What is Adaptive Shortening?
By Eric Troy
Not a week goes by when someone doesn't bring up his/her mistrust of science. No area of science has less trust these days than those associated with nutrition and health.
How can we trust science when science constantly contradicts itself? That is what people ask.
Continue Reading » Surprising New Nutrition Finding: Nutrition Articles on News Sites Suck
Aspartame gets such bad press and is the subject of a very intensive misinformation campaign. The myths about this non-nutritive sweetener are so ingrained that I doubt I can change many minds with this post. Well, that's okay. Why should I care whether you avoid aspartame? There is certainly nothing wrong with that. But wallowing in ignorance is an invitation to being easily victimized by money-grabbing gurus.
Continue Reading » The Aspartame Myth-information Campaign: You Can Live Without It
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most common type of inflammatory arthritis. It generally affects the hands, wrists, knees, and feet, although any joint can be affected.
Continue Reading » What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Botulism is a food-borne illness caused by the Botulinum toxin produced by Clostridium botulinum, a spore-forming anaerobic bacteria. Botulism poisoning is rare but extremely serious and potentially fatal. Approximately 10 to 30 outbreaks are reported each year. This poison is extremely potent; it is widely considered the most potent biological toxin for humans.1
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You got stung by a bee, put some baking soda and vinegar on it, and ten minutes later the pain was gone! It worked. OR, maybe there is another explanation. Maybe you are not allergic to bee stings, had a minor local reaction, and the pain simply went away on its on. I personally seldom have the pain from a bee sting last longer than 10 or 20 minutes and I forget all about it. Yep.
Continue Reading » Baking Soda and Vinegar for Bee Stings: It Works! But not Really.
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Health and Health Conditions
- Achalasia: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments
Alternative Medicine (Complementary and Alternative Medicine or CAM)
- 20 Home Remedies for Treating Minor Burns: Not!
- Baking Soda and Vinegar for Bee Stings: It Works! But not Really.
- Cam Domains (Categories of Complementary and Alternative Medicine)
- Aloe Vera for Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
- Aloe Vera Leaf Gel: Composition and Applications
- Astragalus Uses, Evidence and Side Effects
- Bilberry (Huckleberry)
- Cissus Quadrangularis & Irvingia Gabonensis Combination
- Curcumin from Turmeric for Inflammation and Disease
- Ginkgo Ineffective for Treating High Blood Pressure According to Large Study
- Ginseng Leaf and Stem: Bioactive Constituents and Pharmacological Functions
- Herbs and Sports Performance
- Hypoglycemic Herbs
- St. John's Wort Safey Issues and Product Labels
- Turmeric For Heartburn And Astragulus to Help Endanger the Public
- What Are Herbs Really Good For? Catnip and Fennel
- Oxygenated Water
- Study Shows One-Fifth of Internet-Available Ayurvedic Medicines Contain Toxic Metals
- Alzheimer's Disease Could Be Caused by a Key Brain Protein Not Being Cleared
- Ankylosing Spondylitis
- Arthritis Cure? Is it True Or is it a Quack Remedy?
- Arthritis Treatment: Pain in the Top of the Foot and Its Causes
- Doctor - Does Acupuncture Work for Arthritis?
- Is Aromatherapy Effective For Arthritis?
- Taking Aspirin Plus an Arthritis Medicine? Big Risk!
- What Arthritis Problems Cause Severe Pain in the Thumb?
- What is Ankle Arthrodesis?
- What is Diabetic Joint Disease?
- What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?
- What's a "Sausage Finger"?
- Bias in Health Information: Understanding the Agendas
- Breathing Exercises for Relaxation
- Can Shingles Cause Pain in the Shoulder Blades?
- Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
- Brain And Neurological Problems Affect Almost Half Of Celiacs Even With A Gluten Free Diet
- Celiac Disease
- Celiac Disease Symptoms Unrelated to Digestive Distress
- Celiac Oat Intolerance: The Molecular Basis
- Are B&M Baked Beans Gluten Free?
- Are Soba Noodles Gluten Free?
- Does Couscous Contain Gluten?
- Gluten Intolerance Versus Celiac Disease
- Glutinous Rice: Does That Have Gluten?
- Is Brown Sugar Gluten Free?
- Is Cheez Whiz Gluten Free?
- Is Cool Whip Gluten Free?
- Is Häagen-Dazs Ice Cream Gluten Free?
- Is Velveeta Gluten Free?
- Measuring Gluten Toxicity
- The Gluten-Free Diet: Safety and Nutritional Quality
- Oats Intolerance In Celiac
- Daily Rhythm Of Blood Fluidity
- Deadly Pedicure?
- Diet and Acne: What is the Evidence?
- Disease Mongering: Part of the Global Health Debate
- Diverticulitis, Diverticulosis, and Dietary Fiber
- Does Exercising in Cold Weather Make You Cough and Give You a Sore Throat?
- Does long-term coffee intake reduce type 2 diabetes mellitus risk?
- Antibiotic resistance: where does it come from and what can we do about it? Q&A
NSAIDS (Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs)
- Anti-Inflammatory Drug-Induced Gastrointestinal Injury
- Anti-inflammatory management for tendon injuries - friend or foe?
- Hypersensitivity Reactions to NSAIDs - An Update
- Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) and the Kidney
- NSAIDS and Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
- The Benefits and Harms of Aspirin: A Critical Overview
- When Shouldn't Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Medications Be Used in Musculoskeletal Injuries?
- Overview of Categories of Controlled Substances in the United States
- Peformance Enhancing Drugs Other Than Anabolic Steroids Used in Sports
- Prescription Drugs Can Lead to Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies
- Propofol: The Real Story
- Succimer found Ineffective for Removing Mercury from the Body
- Dysphagia: Difficulty Swallowing
- Early Prion Detection May Be Possible - Big Step Forward in Identifying Spongiform Encephalopathies
- Effect Of Garlic On Blood Pressure
- Exercise Protects You From Colds
- Explaining Gender Differences In Tooth Decay
- 5 Tips I Know For Fat Loss
- 7 Steps To Weight Loss Without Dieting Deprivation And Guilt
- Acarbose Improperly Used for Weight Loss
- An Evidence-Based Review of Fat Modifying Dietary Supplement Weight Loss Products
- Calorie Restriction For Life Extension: What They Didn't Tell You On Oprah
- Central Obesity
- Comic Relief from Stronglifts: Strength Training the Key to Fatloss
- Diets And Dieting
- Don't Eat After 7 And Other Other Weight Management Myths
- Effect of Point-of-Purchase Calorie Labeling on Restaurant and Cafeteria Food Choices: A Literature Review
- EPOC (Excess Post Exercise Oxygen Consumption)
- Experience with the Use of Sympathomimetic Agents Like Sibutramine (Meridia) for Weight Loss: Mostly Negative
- Fish Oil May Help You Burn Fat...
- Food Compensation: Do Exercise Ads Change Food Intake?
- From Portion Distortion to Mindful Eating
- Get over the Time Magazine Article, Seriously
- Irvingia Gabonensis Supplement Craze: In-Credible Weight Loss from an African Tree?
- It's Not Just WHAT You Eat But WHY
- Mindful Eating: Get Out of Autopilot
- Paint by Numbers or Masterpiece: Restrictive Versus Healthy Eating
- Physical Activity Plays an Important Role in Body Weight Regulation
- Portion Size: Effect on Food Intake and Possible Interventions
- Self Control: Not all its Cracked Up To Be
- The Almighty EWAG and Some Big Old Belly Fat: How Strength Training Justifies Being Overweight
- The Magical Farce of Negative Calories, The Thermic Effect, and Resting Energy Expenditure
- The Truth About Fast Weight Loss
- The Two Pounds Per Month Rule and How to Burn Fat Faster
- Top 3 Reasons Your Fat Loss Still Isn't Working
- What The New "Low-Carb" Study REALLY Says
- What To Eat: Three Questions To Ask Yourself
- When Snacks Become Meals: How Hunger and Environmental Cues Bias Food Intake
- Wu Long Tea (oolong tea): Does it really help you lose weight?
- You Have To Eat Breakfast
- Foot Problems
- Fraudulent H1N1 Product Search
- Giving Legs to Restless Leg
- Guillain Barré Syndrome: When Legs (and More) Turn to Rubber
- Hashimoto's Disease
- Hernias of the Abdominal Wall
- High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
- High Heels and Your Health
- Horner's Syndrome - A Medical Discovery From the American Civil War
- How Safe Are Prescription Topical Non-Steroidal Drugs?
- How to Recognize and What to Do About Allergic Reactions to Bee and Wasp Stings
- Idiopathic (Primary) Achalasia
- Insulin Resistance
- Lactose Intolerance
- Lupus: Explanation, Symptoms, and Diagnosis
- Medical Alert Recalls: Drugs, Vaccines, Dietary Supplements, Etc.
- Milk Consumption and Excess Mucus Formation
- Numb, Dizzy and Normal - Deceptive Words in Medical Practice
- Calories from Lipids (Fats), Carbohydrate, and Protein
- Changes in Intakes of Total and Added Sugar and their Contribution to Energy Intake in the U.S.
- Dietary Fiber
- Fructose Consumption: What are the Real Health Implications?
- Sugar Glossary: A Quick Reference to Simple Sugars
- Consuming Whey Protein and Poor Appetite in Strength Training
Essential Fatty Acids (EFA's)
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
- Are all Omega-3 Fatty Acids Created equal?
- Are Omega-3 Fatty Acids Like Fish Oil Effective for Treating Asthma?
- DHA: Docosahexaenoic Acid
- Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA): An Ancient Nutrient for the Modern Human Brain
- Epa Eicosapentaenoic Acid
- Fish Oil
- Omega 3 Fatty Acids And Inflammation
- Omega-3 Index and Sudden Cardiac Death
- Omega-3 Fatty Acids
- Food Oil Fatty Acid Content List: Saturated, Monounsaturated and Polyunsaturated
- Grass Fed Versus Grain Fed Beef: Fatty Acid Profiles, Antioxidant Content and Taste
- The Biological Activities of Phenolics in Virgin Olive Oil
- Trans Fatty Acids (Trans Fats)
- Fish, Mercury, Selenium and Cardiovascular Risk: Does the Danger of Mercury Outweigh the Benefits of Fish Intake?
- Food Allergies
- Food And Drug Administration (FDA)
- Acesulfame-K (Acesulfame Potassium)
- Acetic Acid
- Aconitic Acid
- All-purpose Flour
- Dietetic (Foods)
- FD&C Blue No. 1: Brilliant Blue FCF Food Dye
- FD&C Yellow No. 6: Sunset Yellow Food Dye
- Guar Gum
- Gum Arabic (Arabic, Acacia Gum)
- Synthetic Versus Natural Food Colorings: Answers to Many Common Questions
- Food Labels
- Food Safety Articles and Information
- Health Benefits Of Nut Consumption
- Milk and Dairy
- Organic Food: The Real Story
- Ten Food Myths: The Truth Revealed!
- The Dangers of Raw Milk and the Claims of its Magical Healing Powers
- The Difference Between Sea Salt and Ordinary Table Salt: Is Sea Salt Really Healthier?
- The Origins of Lactase Persistence in Europe
- Wheat Versus Whole Wheat
- Mistaken Reasons that People Take Vitamin and Mineral Supplements
- Natural and Processed Food, Nutritionism and Pollanisms
- Nutrient Timing Articles
- Nutrition is Not a Top Ten Proposition and the Lycopene Bust
- Nutrition Junk Science: Red Flags That Help You Spot It!
- Nutrition Research: Industry Sponsorhip of Nutrition Research
- Amino Acids
- Casein or Whey?
- Dietary Guidelines should reflect new understandings about adult protein needs
- Dietary Protein and Kidney Function
- Greek Yogurt: Twice The Protein
- Protein And Exercise
- Whey Protein
- Raw Food Claim: Your Body Has a Limited Amount of Enzymes to Digest Foods
- Splenda Kills Healthy Intestinal Bacteria?
- Colloidal Silver And Other Silver Products
- Can Creatine Supplementation Help Older Adults?
- Creatine And Exercise
- Creatine Ethyl Ester Supplementation Effects with Heavy Resistance Training
- The Creatine Transporter: A Brief Review of Creatine Supplementation in Humans and Animals
- Fatal New Trend in Performance Enhancement? A Cautionary Note on Nitrite
- Metabolites, Constituents And Extracts
- Pharmacists and Dietary Supplements
- Phospholipids and Sports Performance
- Supplement Rationale, Behavour, and Expertise
- Tryptophan Supplements: Do They Work and Are They Dangerous?
- Warning: The Hidden Risks of Erectile Dysfunction and Sexual Stimulant Dietary Supplement 'Treatments' Sold Online
- What is Acesulfame Potassium Doing in Whey Protein Products?
- Surprising New Nutrition Finding: Nutrition Articles on News Sites Suck
- The Aspartame Myth-information Campaign: You Can Live Without It
- The Role Of Soy In Vegetarian Diets
- Top Vitamin C Containing Fruits
- Folic Acid Fortification: History, Effect, Concerns, and Future Directions
- Niacin (Vitamin B3) When, How, and Why to Supplement
- Thiamine (Vitamin B1) How, Why and When to Supplement
- Vitamin B12
- Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
- Vitamin B6
- The Role of Phytonutrients Like Vitamin E and Beta-Carotene in Skin Health
- Vitamin A and Beta Carotene: What, How, When, Why to Supplement
- Vitamin C
- Vitamin D
- Vitamin E
- Vitamin E and C for Strength and Bodybuilding: Should You Take Them for Exercise Induced Oxidative Stress?
- Vitamins and Prostate Cancer Risk
- Vitamins and Sports Performance
- B Vitamins
- What are Coenzymes?
- What Are Sugar Alcohols?
- What are the Major Elements and Molecules in the Human Body?
- What is Denaturing Of Proteins and Why Do Some People Make a Big Deal of It?
- What Is Nutrient Density? What is a Nutrient Dense Food? Plus, What are Empty Calories?
- What is Sweet Dairy Whey and Can I Use it as a Whey Protein Supplement?
- Whey Protein Processing, Terms and Definitions: Countering the Misconceptions About Whey Protein Including 'Raw' Whey
- Pica: Craving Nonfood Items
- Rapid End-Point Quantitation of Prion Seeding Activity with Sensitivity Comparable to Bioassays
- Retinal Detachment: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment
- Retinal Detachment - Understanding This Surgical Emergency
Skin Conditions and Infections
- Acne Mechanica: Sports Induced Acne
- Black Heel and Black Palm (Talon Noir and Tâche Noir)
- How to Treat Minor Burns: Basic First Aid
- Impetigo in Athletes: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment
- Jock Itch (Tinea Cruris): Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment
- Jogger's or Runner's Nipples
- Pitted and Smelly Feet: Pitted Keratolysis
- Tinea: Fungal Skin Infections
- What is Eczema? Its Symptoms, Triggers, and Care
- What is Tinea Pedis?
- Sleep and Metabolism
- Ten Common Myths about Eyes and Eye Health
- The Fight against Disease Mongering
- The Impact of Zinc on Human Health: The Essential Toxin
- The Metabolic Syndrome
- The Neurological Exam: Evaluating the Master Organ
- There is Proof That Chronic Lyme Disease Exists
- The Risks of Being Skinny Obese
- The Wound Healing Process: Inflammatory, Proliferative and Remodeling Phases
- Vaccination: Safe or Unsafe?
- What Is An Aneurysm?
- What is Dystonia?
- What Is the Babinski Reflex?