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Electrolytes: Positively and negatively charged minerals and other nutrients in the body called cations and anions, respectively, which maintain electrical neutrality between the extracellular and intercellular fluid compartments of the body. The cations (+) of the extracellular fluid are sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium. These are balanced by the anions (-) chloride, bicarbonate, and proteins as well as small amounts of organic acids phosphate and slufate. The major mineral electrolytes are considered macrominerals. The electrolyte balance in the body is controlled almost exclusively by the kidneys.

This page created 07 Oct 2011 01:09
Last updated 02 Mar 2016 03:59

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