Core Stability

Core Stability: Defined by Wilson, et al. as the ability of the lumbopelvic hip complex to prevent buckling and to return to equilibrium after perturbation1, the concept of core stability, although a particular focus in strength, athletics, and injury rehabilitation now, has been around since the 1920's. The term core stability was popularized by Hodges and Richardson in the late nineties, who characterized the spine as inherently unstable and thus requiring active support fro the lumbar stabilizer muscles, the thoracolumbular fascia, and intra-abdominal pressure2.

The strength of this muscular complex is thought to provide functional stability to the spine so that the pelvis and trunk remain stable enough to allow effective mobility of the distal segments, without which controlled movement would not be possible. The muscles of the hip, thoracic and scapulae have since been included by some to be important for core support. In strength training, the core and it's musculature must be in complete control in order to effectively transmit the forces from the lower body to the upper body.

See the Core Strength and Stability category.

1. Willson JD, Dougherty CP, Ireland ML, Davis IM: Core stability and its relationship to lower extremity function and injury. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2005, 13(5):316–25.
2. Hodges PW, Richardson CA. Contraction of the abdominal muscles associated with movement of the lower limb. Phys Ther. 1997 Feb; 77(2):132-42; discussion 142-4.

This page created 10 Feb 2012 15:55
Last updated 01 Mar 2016 20:04

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