Force Velocity Relationship

Force-velocity Relationship: A propery of skeletal muscle contraction in which the force capability of a given muscle contraction is dependent on the velocity of shortening of the muscle.

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Sequential and Simultaneous Lifts? What is the Difference Between Them?

Every once in a while you will hear someone calling the squat a simultaneous lift. You'll even hear people calling the deadlift a sequential lift. What does this mean, and is it correct?

Well, these terms come from the description and measurement of the coordination of human movement, a branch of biomechanics called kinematics. Movements, in this context, are looked at in terms of the movement of body segments, and this means also the action of the body's joints. You may have never given it a second thought, but during some movements the joints act "all at once" or simultaneously and in others they act one after the other in a sequence. Most movements, however, are not really so black and white and fall in a continuum between the two. Sometimes, for instance, a movement may look to be simultaneous, but upon close observation be sequential.

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What Is Force?

Training for maximal strength is essentially training to exert maximum muscular force. So what is force? The easiest way to think of a force is as a simple push or pull. When you push or pull on a barbell or other implement you are exerting a force. The pull of the Earth's gravity on an object is a force. Friction is a force. To be more precise, then, a force is something that causes or tends to cause a change in the motion or the shape of an object.

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Speed-Strength: Speed training where there is relatively more contribution from acceleration than force. Speed-strength training uses lower intensities than power training or strength-speed training and has its greatest effect on rate of force development rather than maximum strength

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Isokinetic Muscle Action

Isokinetic Muscle Action: Muscle contraction against a resistance that moves at a constant velocity, so that the maximum force of which the muscle is capable throughout the range of motion can be applied. This means, theoretically, that the muscle shortens or lengthens at a constant velocity whereas, normally, muscles shorten or lengthen at various rates and tension throughout a movement, as the joint angle changes. Isokinetics are used primarily for testing purposes.

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