Anatomy is the branch of science that deals with the structure of the body parts of living things. How they are formed and how they are arranged. Anatomy is concerned with gross and microscopic (histology) observation of the body's structures with the aim of describing them with as much accurate detail as possible. The study of anatomy is closely related to, and coupled with, physiology, which deals with the functions of the body parts.

human anatomy

The following page lists the pages at Ground Up Strength concerning anatomy or that refer to anatomy:


Condyle: (kòn´ dil) A term applied to bones, condyle comes from the Greek kondylos, meaning "a knuckle." It is a rounded process on a bone that usually serves to articulate with another bone.1

The adjective form is condylar. Some examples of condyles are given below.

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Bones Of The Adult Skeleton Part Two: The Upper Appendicular Skeleton

This is part two of our description of the 206 bones of the human body. Part one covered the axial skeleton, which comprises the vertebral column, the skull, and the thoracic cage.

Appendicular Bones

This part two will cover the upper appendicular skeleton. The appendicular skeleton is made up of the 64 bones of the upper limbs and the bones which connect them to the axial skeleton, the pectoral girdle.

Part three will cover the lower appendicular skeleton.

Continue Reading » Bones Of The Adult Skeleton Part Two: The Upper Appendicular Skeleton

What Is the Babinski Reflex?

The Babinski reflex or Babinski sign is pathalogical (altered or abnormal) reflex of the lower limb which indicates damage to the corticospinal tracts of the spinal cord. These pathways are also called the pyramidal tracts after the pyramid-shaped parts of the medulla oblongata through which they pass. To elicit the Babinski reflex, an examiner forcefully strokes the edge of the bottom of a patient's foot (lateral plantar surface or sole) with a moderately sharp object from the heel to the toes. The Babinski reflex is named after its discoverer, Joseph Babinski, who described it in 1896.

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Bones Of The Adult Skeleton Part One: The Axial Skeleton

Go to Part Two: Upper Appendicular Skeleton

The following is part one of a list of of the 206 the bones of the human body, separated into the axial skeleton and its parts; and the appendicular skeleton and its parts.

This part one will cover the axial skeleton.

Continue Reading » Bones Of The Adult Skeleton Part One: The Axial Skeleton


Acetabulum: A cup-shaped socket on the pelvis where the head of the femur is contained. It is located on the lateral surface of the hip, in the region where the three parts of the coxal bones, os coxae, or innominate bones1, the ilium, ischium, and pubis, fuse. The acetabulum is a large, semispherical concave socket.

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