Anatomy


Anatomy is the branch of science that deals with the structure of the body parts of living things. How they are formed and how they are arranged. Anatomy is concerned with gross and microscopic (histology) observation of the body's structures with the aim of describing them with as much accurate detail as possible. The study of anatomy is closely related to, and coupled with, physiology, which deals with the functions of the body parts.

human anatomy

The following page lists the pages at Ground Up Strength concerning anatomy or that refer to anatomy:

Synarthrodial Joints (Synarthroses, Fibrous)

Syndarthrodial Joints: Also called synarthroses or fibrous joints. Generally immovable joints that are found between bones that come into very close contact with each other and lack a synovial cavity. These bones are fastened tightly together by a fibrous connective tissue. See also diarthrodial jonits and amphiarthrodial joints.

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Foramen

Foramen: A foramen is an opening in a bone that allows structures to pass through, such as nerves and blood vessels. The cranium of the skull has many such openings in its floor, most notably the foramen magnum, located on the base of the occipital bone, which allows the spinal cord to pass through. Although the spinal cord is continuous with the brain, it is said to begin at the level of this opening. Other such foramina (plural for foramen) of the cranium are the foramen lacerum, foramen ovale, foramen spinosium, greater palantine foramen, incisive foramen, foramen rotundum, intraorbital foramen, jugular foramen, mandibular foramen, and others. See The Axial Skeleton for more information about the skull. A foramen is sometimes referred to as a canal when it is a narrow tube, channel, or passageway rather than just an opening.

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Condyoid Joint

Condyloid Joint: Also called an ellipsoidal joint, ovoid, or condylar joint, a bi-axial diarthrodial or synovial joint were one oval-shaped articulating surface (a condyle), fits into a corresponding ovoid depression in the other articulating surface. Movement is possible in two planes and includes flexion, extension, abduction, adduction and circumduction, but not rotation. See the diarthrodial article for examples and other types of joints.

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gastr-, gastro. gaster, gastero

gastr-, gastro. gaster, gastero: Combining forms meaning stomach, which are derived from the Greek word gaster of the same meaning. These forms are used to combine with other forms or suffixes to form words related to the stomach. For instance, the suffix -ic, which means "pertaining to" is added to gastr to make the familiar term gastric which simply means "pertaining to the stomach" or "of the stomach."

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Some Useful Singular and Plural Forms of Medical and Anatomical Terms

The plurals of medical, anatomical, and other scientific terms, having derived from Greek or Latin roots, do not follow the usual familiar rules of English.

The difference between diagnosis and diagnoses, for instance, isn't readily apparent to most people, although adding -es to the end of the word is often a way to make it plural, as we do for English words ending in z, s, x, ch, or sh. But this does not tell us what to do with scientific words like diagnosis. And there is no such word as "diagnosises." So what gives? There are some basic rules to remember to help you distinguish the singular and plural forms of medical terms. This page will run through some of these rules and list examples of each. Each rule is based on the singular form of "words ending in" a particular combination of letters.

Keep in mind, as you are using these guidelines, that they represent what is usually the rule. As with any grammar rules, they do not hold true in all instances.

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